Sunday, May 24, 2020

Salem Witch Trials - 1478 Words

The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 were a series of trials in which twenty-four people were killed after being accused of practicing witchcraft. These trials were caused by different social climates of the area including the very strong lack of a governor, the split between Salem Village and Salem Town, and the strict puritan lifestyle during the time period. Tituba, the black slave, was a foreigner from Barbados. Her role in society was to take care of Mr. Parris’s family. Tituba’s situation contributed to her role in the witch trials because Mr. Parris promised her freedom if she confessed guilty. Tituba also realized that with her false confession of being a witch also helped keep her life, therefore she accused other people in the village†¦show more content†¦1). Girls, more so than boys, had very few ways of expressing themselves and little was available for them. These statements help in proving the validity of puritan lifestyles contributing to the social cl imate because without these ground morals, the people would not have thought such normal activities meant someone was a witch. Tituba’s role in society was to be a slave to the family of Rev. Parris. Tituba was a foreigner to Salem, as Parris had bought her in Barbados. Slaves had no rights at all in this time period therefore; Tituba’s only job was to care for Parris’s children and house. This situation presented to Tituba contributed to her role in the witch trials because, being a slave didn’t get her much respect in society, therefore people wouldn’t object to her being a witch because she is not much of a respectable person to defend. For example, while Tituba would be caring for Parris’s children, â€Å"In the evenings Tituba entertained little Betty and her cousin Abigail Williams by the kitchen fire. She played fortune telling games and told them stories of magic and spirits from the Caribbean† (Tituba, par. 4). This proves th at Tituba’s role in society affected her role in the witch trials because these trials were based on how others saw you in society. If someone of high social status were to be accused of witchcraft, people would protest. However, if someone of low social status were to be accused, it wouldn’t mean much to the commonShow MoreRelatedSalem Witch Trials And The Witch Trial1494 Words   |  6 PagesFirst of all, I wanted to talk about what Salem Witch Trial is and who are the persons involve in this event. Salem Witch Trials, according to Encyclopedia Britannica is â€Å"A series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted â€Å"witches† to be hanged and many other many suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.† There are many people involve in Salem Witch Trials and I’ll be going to describe their role in this event, followed by the different case studiesRead MoreSalem Witch Trials And The Witch Trial Essay2225 Words   |  9 Pagesaccused of witchcraft in Salem Village, Massachusetts, many more died in jail, and around 200 people total were accused of witchcraft during the Salem Witch Trials. Records from the event indicate that the Salem Witch Trials started when a group of young girls began acting strange, claiming they had been possessed by the Devil and bewitched by local villagers. The Salem Witch Trials is a much debated event; historians argue over the motivation and causes behind the trials and executions, not overRead MoreThe Trial Of The Salem Witch Trials905 Words   |  4 PagesI. Introduction In January 1692, when a group of juvenile girls began to display bizarre behavior, the tight-knit Puritan community of Salem, Massachusetts couldn’t explain the unusual afflictions and came to a conclusion. Witches had invaded Salem. This was the beginning of a period of mass hysteria known as The Salem Witch Trials. Hundreds of people were falsely accused of witchcraft and many paid the ultimate price of death. Nineteen people were hung, one was pressed to death, and as many asRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials691 Words   |  3 Pageswere the Salem Witch Trials? The Trials happened in 1692 in Puritan Massachusetts, in a town called Salem. Nineteen men and women were hanged on grounds of practicing dark magic and making a pact with Satan (in other words, for being witches). Hundreds of people were imprisoned; several died there. Additionally, one man (of over seventy years!) was crushed to death with heavy stones and the lives of many were irrevocably changed. (Salem Witch Museum) IQ #2- How and why did the Salem WitchRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials1202 Words   |  5 PagesThe Salem Witch Trials were a prime part of American history during the early 17th century. During this time, religion was the prime focus and way of life within colonies. This was especially true for the Puritan way of life. Puritans first came to America in hopes of practicing Christianity their own way, to the purest form. The Puritans were fundamentalists who believed every word transcribed in the Bible by God was to be followed exactly for what it was. The idea of the devil controlling a womanRead MoreThe Trials Of The Salem Witch Trials1866 Words   |  8 Pagessurrounding the cause of the Salem Witch Trials 1692 makes the topic captivating as many historian perspectives offer explanations for the causation of the trials, yet the personal context of each historian has determined its historic reliability. This questions the level of objectivity each historian has in their responses to the Trials. The aims and purposes of a historian, as well as their differing methodologies may alter the approach the have towards the investigation of the Trials. Many interpretationsRead MoreThe Trials Of Salem Witch Trials Essay1267 Words   |  6 PagesThe notorious witch trials in Salem began in Spring of 1692. This started after a young group of girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, professed they were possessed by the devil. These young girls even went as far as accusing some local women of practicing witchcraft. As a frenzy spreaded throughout colonial Massachusetts, a specific court was summoned to hear cases. Bridget Bishop was the first convicted witch and she was hung in that June following her trial. Eighteen other people followed BishopRead MoreThe Trials Of Salem Witch Trials1069 Words   |  5 PagesEven though the Salem witch trials were made to seem formal, they were actually subjective and not based on fact. Since there were multiple people being accused of witchcraft, the trials were short and quick to sentence. The witch trials lasted less than a year. The first arrests were made on March 1, 1692, and the final hanging day was September 22, 1692. The Court of Oyer and Terminer was dissolved in October of 1692. The Salem Witch Trials occurred in the spring of 1692, when a groupRead MoreThe Trials Of The Salem Witch Trials1635 Words   |  7 Pagesovercome was the Salem Witch Trials. The Salem Witch Trials occurred in 1692 and 1693 in colonial Massachusetts. â€Å"More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft – the Devil’s magic – and 20 were executed† as detailed by Jess Blumberg on the web article A Brief History of the Salem Witch Trials (Blumberg 2007). The trials had a major impact on the American society and the effects could be seen in colonial America as well as today. Why did the injustice of the Salam Witch Trials occur and whyRead MoreThe Trials Of The Salem Witch Trials2197 Words   |  9 Pagesestablish colonies based on the word of God. Salem, like many other towns at the time, had little distinction between church and state and focused all aspects of their society on God. (Roach) Due to these conditions, Salem became the site of the largest and most violent witch hunts in America. The significance of the trials comes from the large impact they had on American law. The conditions before, during, and after the Salem Trials were unlike the witch hunts in any other colonies in the New World

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Electoral College Superiority - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1667 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/06/13 Category Politics Essay Level High school Tags: Electoral College Essay Did you like this example? Due to the results of the most recent United States presidential election, controversy has been raised regarding the Electoral College. The Electoral College has performed as intended for more than 230 years, over fifty elections, and also allows for consistency of the country by dealing out popular support in order to elect a president. Many people want the Electoral College to be replaced by the popular vote which would discourage a two-party system throughout the United States. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Electoral College Superiority" essay for you Create order Changing the system would be difficult because it would most likely cause more problems, such as voter fraud, than solutions. The Electoral College system was a part of the original US Constitution, therefore, changing the process would require a Constitutional amendment. The United States electoral college voting system has proven to be satisfactory and should remain in effect for future presidential elections. The Electoral College was created by the writers of the Constitution because they believed it to be the best method for electing a president into office. The Electoral College was established in 1787 in order to implement a new election style in 1788. When a person castrs a vote for president, they are really casting a vote for his or her states electors. These electors then cast their ballot to represent their state in the Electoral College (Electoral College Fast Facts). There are a total of 538 electors, ranging from 3 to 55 in each state. To win the presidency, 270 votes are required. By using state electors instead of the popular vote, there is better security against uneducated voters allowing the votes to be cast by those most likely to choose the best candidate. The Electoral College protects votes from smaller states and prevents states with larger populations from having too large of an influence on the vote. The Electoral College allows a compromise between Congres s and the popular vote from a state. A benefit of keeping the electoral college is that it encourages the political stability by using a two-party system. This is true because if a third-party candidate is running for office, it is nearly impossible for them to win the popular vote in any state, therefore the electors for the Electoral College will not submit any votes supporting the minority party. There are two major political parties, the Republicans and the Democrats, in which the Electoral College forces third-party candidates into one of them. According to an online article, Conversely, the major parties have every incentive to absorb minor party movements in their continual attempt to win popular majorities in the States (Kimberling). This quote is saying that many candidates in the Republican and Democratic parties are using some of the ideas from third-party competitors to try and win over the vote in his or her state. When the major parties use these ideas, they become the center of attention, allowing for two major parties opposed to hundreds of smaller parties. Candidates are required to run under a party of his or her choice, in order to establish a base to what their rule might entitle. This would ensure a successful rule before the candidate is elected (Uhlmann). The winner of the popular vote is almost always a Republican or Democrat, and this usually reflects the votes cast by each states electors. This being said, it is impossible that people running for president in a third-party group will win any electoral votes. Another example of the electoral college preserving a two-party system is that throughout the course of history there have always been two major parties. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists, the Democratic-Republicans who became Democrats and the National Republicans who became Whigs and then became New Republicans, all of these parties have been major throughout history. To relate this to the most recent election, In the 2016 election, Libertarian Party candidate Gary Johnson was on the ballot in all 50 states, and Green Party candidate Jill Stein put up a show, even suing for a recount in three states. But neither of these candidates, nor any of the dozens of others running on third-party platforms, will impact the Electoral College. (Why We Have an Electoral College To Preserve a Two-Party System) This is a great representation of why having an Electoral College encourages a two-party system because both of these candidates were third-party and did not win the electoral votes for any state. The Electoral College is based on a winner takes all philosophy in 48 of the 50 states. This simply means that whoever is the winner of the popular vote in a certain state will become the winner of the electoral votes as well. People are saying that the Electoral College is an undemocratic system because in some cases, the winner of the popular vote is not the winner of the electoral votes. This situation has occurred five times throughout history, most recently, when Donald Trump won in 2016. In a quote from a college professor: In truth, the issue is democracy with federalism (the Electoral College) versus democracy without federalism (a national popular vote). Either is democratic. Only the Electoral College preserves federalism, moderates ideological differences, and promotes national consensus in our choice of a chief executive. (Ross) The electoral college with the winner-take-all rule in (most of) the states is perfectly democratic. Its just federally democratic, rather than being nationally democratic (Franck). Since the federal and state governments hold more of the deciding factors when it comes to sending votes to the Electoral College, the popular vote might not always win. This is because of states such as California and Texas which have millions of more people than smaller states. California is a heavily Democratic state, so when its citizens vote, the majority of popular votes will be for the Democratic candidate. This is where the Electoral College comes in, California gets 55 electoral votes to allow for smaller states to have a say in who the next president is. Moving back to the 2016 presidential election, where Donald Trump secured the presidency with 306 electoral votes over Hillary Clinton who had 232 votes. When looking at a breakdown of the election results, 30 of the 50 states voted Republican, meaning that all of their electoral votes went to Donald Trump, which allowed him to win the Electoral College (2016 Election Results). Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by 2.9 million votes, only because of the more populous states. This is why the Electoral College is the superior voting system to the popular vote, to allow for every state to have a say in the election. From a different viewpoint, hundreds of United States citizens are protesting the Electoral College because they believe it is an unfair system due to the winner takes all rule. They believe that if you dont live in a state where their political party reigns, their vote doesnt count. An online source states the following I am voting in a national election for President and Vice President not in a state election as the system is set up for now. My vote should be counted in his or her national total of accumulated votes. Thats why Im voting, not for a state delegate to vote (Davis). This citizen is concerned by the fact that many peoplers votes on behalf of their state dont count because there is only one major political party. Another example from an angered citizen, approximately 500,000 Wyoming citizens have the same voting power as thirty-four million Californians (Anderson). This is saying that in the case of a tie at 269 and 269 electoral votes, every state in the House of Representatives gets one vote on who the winner of the election will be. They are saying that this principle is an unfair advantage of the Electoral College because states with more than triple the amount of citizens have an equal vote. There is only one common reason among citizens who oppose the Electoral College: the simple idea that their votes arent being counted or are meaningless. They believe that state elections and presidential elections should be held in the same way. The Electoral College helps secure that the presidency is legitimate if, in fact, it is too close to call. If a recount was called after a popular vote style election, every state would be required to recount their votes, therefore, election results wouldnt be available for days after election day. With the Electoral College, only certain swing states, such as Florida, would need to be recounted. Many problems and tensions would arise, and illegitimacy claims would likely follow if votes needed to be counted then recounted, just to obtain a result of the election. The Electoral College also prevents against voter fraud. The popular vote gives people incentive to shove any votes that they want into the ballot box and even disregard votes that they dont want to count (Lemper). The popular votes would cause many states to change their voter laws to try and get more national votes. An example of this would be seeing more democratic states lowering their voting ages to 16 or 17 ye ars old because younger people tend to vote democratic. Similar to teenagers, democratic states would allow felons to vote and give more rights to felons because they tend to vote more democratic. Republicans would likely restrict the rights of teenagers and the rights of felons (Rosenthal). The United States election system called the Electoral College has done its duty to the country and should continue to perform on behalf of the presidential elections. The Electoral College has allowed for the prevention of voter fraud, allowed for the protection of a two-party system, and most importantly allowed every state to have a say in who the next leader of the country will be. Of course, there are the setbacks to the electoral college system such as not being able to have a complete say in the election, but ultimately it was implemented for a reason. Alexander Hamilton once said, The role of the Electoral College is to prevent individuals who are unfit for a variety of reasons to be in the position of chief executive of the country.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sport Fans Free Essays

Although many people like sports and watch them on television, few people actually have a strong pride in a team, or really care about how a team does on a competitive game to game basis. To me people can be categorized in three different fan groups. One type of fan is a fair weather fan. We will write a custom essay sample on Sport Fans or any similar topic only for you Order Now They jump from team to team, most likely to which one is winning. Another type of fan is a part-time fan. They really do not care much about any one team, and just watch whoever is on. Finally, there is what I like to call die-hard fans. These fans never miss a game, and route for their team in good and bad times. The first type of fan that I mentioned is a fair weather fan. These are the kinds of fans that never really jump on board with one specific team. They cheer for whichever team might be winning at the time. These fans will usually say that they are routing for whoever the sports critics say will win the championship in that specific season. The next type of fan is what I like to call a part-time fan. These fans really do not have a favorite team, or even like sports period. They will watch a game only if there is nothing else on that they would rather watch. They really do not care who wins or loses. Most of the time these fans do not really know much about the sport that they are watching, or know much about sports in general. The final type of fan that I mentioned is a die-hard fan. These are the fans that truly have a favorite team, and really care about how their team does throughout the season. You will never hear a die-hard fan cheer for any team other than his or her favorite. Die-hard fans are the ones who are tailgating at the games at eight o’clock in the morning, when the game does not start until five or six o’clock at night. They will be the ones that you will see on television with their chests painted in weather that you cannot even imagine being outside in, much less with your shirt off. They truly feed off how their team does throughout the season, if the team is having a good year then these people will rarely ever be unhappy, but if the team is having a bad year then you do not want to cross paths with them. In conclusion, there are many kind of supporter but the truly supporter is die-hard support fans. How to cite Sport Fans, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cultural Diversity is a Necessity free essay sample

Before I was seventeen, I was like the majority of other students I observed in the tenth grade and profusely avoided the group of black students who piled into the right side of the school cafeteria for breakfast every morning. These students wore chains and baggy pants, and called rude remarks to the other students passing by, especially the more vulnerable freshman. I thought these teens to be uncivilized. I could not understand why they did not try to make life easier for themselves by dressing nicely and speaking in a professional manner. One of these students was in a science class of mine, and I became constantly angry with him for disrupting the teacher and ignoring the class rules. I believed this student to be someone who brought unnecessary disciplinary action to himself. Despite these thoughts, I told myself that I was not a racist. I told myself that the color of these students’ skin had nothing to do with my unease toward them. We will write a custom essay sample on Cultural Diversity is a Necessity or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It was their actions that made me upset, not their skin color, and if they would just act and dress normally then of course I would be willing to accept and befriend them. I could not be a racist because I had black friends, like my friend Allison. Allison, unlike these other students, spoke in a grammatically correct manner. She had a thin waist and wore pretty, flowery clothes to school. My sophomore year I served on the teen board of a non-profit youth health clinic. Before its closing in 2011, this clinic served low-income families in North Carolina, most of whom were black. A few board members and I traveled to a nearby middle school one day to help teach young female students about good hygiene. When it came time to discuss hair care, however, something strange happened. The young girls spoke of how they made sure to wash their hair at least once a week. All of us volunteers, who usually washed our hair everyday, were confused- all but one, anyway. The only black girl on our board stepped up at that moment to talk about African American hair care, which the rest of us had not realized could be different than Caucasian hair care. Later in the seminar, a small girl came up to me and pulled on my ponytail. She said she wished her hair was straight and pretty like mine instead of fluffy like hers. After this incident, the way I perceived race within my life began to change. I stopped scorning the students that sat in the corner of the cafeteria and instead began to question why the administration surrounded them everyday, without fail, circling them like hawks. I started to realize what it meant that only specific students of color were accepted as friends into my social circle. I also began to understand why so many African American students at my school seemed so unwilling to learn. Just as the needs of the little girls at the middle school were unbeknownst to the majority of us volunteers, the needs of many African American students seem completely lost to my school’s administration and teachers. Not only that, but there are very few teachers of color at my school, something that only increases this cultural gap. I now understand that racism can cross cultural lines and is not strictly based on skin color. I also understand why institutions that do not serve the needs of many different races leave many important people without the assistance they need. From the day I turned seventeen, I took a personal vow to help create more diversity (and more diverse ways of servitude) in any organization or institution I become a part of. This includes making sure that the Gay-Straight Alliance Club at my school attends to the needs of not just white students, but also students of Hispanic, Asian, Indian, Middle Eastern and African American descent. Changing my school is the harder part of the puzzle. Advocating for improvement on a level that large can take a large amount of time and effort. I plan to put that effort in. Although I have not yet decided what I will major in, or what my future career will be, I do know that I will always have a strong commitment to creating a diverse community.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

The Occupation Of Japan Essay Research Paper free essay sample

The Occupation Of Japan Essay, Research Paper The Occupation of Japan The business of Japan was, from start to complete, an American operation. General Douglans MacArthur, exclusive supreme commanding officer of the Allied Power was in charge. The Americans had deficient work forces to do a military authorities of Japan possible ; so t hey decided to move through the bing Nipponese gobernment. General Mac Arthur became, except in name, dictator of Japan. He imposed his will on Japan. Demilitarization was quickly carried out, demobilisation of the former imperial forces was complet erectile dysfunction by early 1946. Japan was extensively fire bomded during the 2nd universe war. The malodor of cloaca gas, decomposing refuse, and the pungent odor of ashes and scorched dust pervaded the air. The Nipponese people had to populate in the moistness, and col vitamin D of the concrete edifices, because they were the lone 1s left. Small remained of the vulnerable wooden frame, tile roof brooding lived in by most Nipponese. We will write a custom essay sample on The Occupation Of Japan Essay Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page When the first marks of winter set in, the business forces instantly took over all the s team-heated edifices. The Japanese were out in the cold in the first station war winter fuel was really difficult to happen, a household was considered lucky if they had a little hardly glowing wood coal brasier to huddle around. That following summer in random musca volitanss new ho utilizations were built, each house was standardized at 216 square pess, and needed 2400 board pess of stuff in order to be built. A maestro program for a modernistic metropolis had been drafted, but it was cast aside because of the deficiency of clip before the following winter. The 1000s of people who lived in railway Stationss and public Parkss needed lodging. All the Nipponese heard was democracy from the Americans. All they cared about was nutrient. General MacAruther asked the authorities to direct nutrient, when they refus ed he sent another wire that said, # 8220 ; Send me nutrient, or direct me bullets. # 8221 ; American military personnels were out to eat local nutrient, as to maintain from cutting from cutting into the thin local supply. No nutrient was was brought in expressly for the Nipponese durning the first six months after the American presence at that place. Herbert Hoover, functioning as president of a particular presidential consultative commission, recommended minimal imports to Japan of 870,000 dozenss of nutrient to be distributed in different urban countries. Fi sh, the beginning of so much of the protein in the Nipponese diet, were no longer available in equal measures because the fishing fleet, peculiarly the big vass, had been severely decimated by the war and because the U.S.S.R. closed off the fishing g rounds in the North. The most of import facet of the democratisation policy was the acceptance of a new fundamental law and its encouraging statute law. When the Nipponese authorities proved excessively baffled or excessively loath to come up with a constitutional reform that satisfied MacArthur, he had his ain staff draft a new fundamental law in February 1946. This, with merely minor alterations, was so adopted by the Nipponese authorities in the signifier of an imperial amendment to the 1889 fundamental law and went into consequence on May 3, 1947. The new Constitution was a flawlessness of the British parliamentary signifier of authorities that the Japanese had been traveling toward in the 1920s. Supreme political power was assigned to the Diet. Cabinets were made responsible to the Diet by holding the premier curate elected by the lower house. The House of Peers was replaced by an elected House of Councillors. The judicial system was made as independent of executive intervention as possible, and a f reshly created supreme tribunal was given the power to reexamine the constitutionality of Torahs. Local authoritiess were given greatly increased powers. The Emperor was reduced to being a symbol of the integrity of the state. Nipponese began to see him in individual. He went to infirmaries, schools, mines, industrial workss ; he broke land for public edifices and snipped tape at the gap of Gatess and main roads. He was steered here and at that place, shown things, and kept murmur, # 8220 ; Ah so, ah so. # 8221 ; Peoples started to name him # 8220 ; Ah-so-san. # 8221 ; Suddenly the puybli degree Celsius began to take this shy, ill-at-ease adult male to their Black Marias. They saw in him something of their ain conqured egos, force to make what was foreign to them. In 1948, in a newspaper canvass, Emperior Hirohito was voted the most popular adult male in Japan. Civil Li berties were emphasized, adult females were given full equality with work forces. Article 13 and 19 in the new Constitution, prohibits favoritism in political, economic, and societal dealingss because of race, credo, sex, societal position, or household Origen. This is one of the most explicitly progressive statements on human rights anyplace in jurisprudence. Gerneral Douglas MacArthur emerged as a extremist womens rightist because he was # 8220 ; convinced that the topographic point of adult females in Japan must be brought to a degree consistent with that of adult females in the western democracies. # 8221 ; So the Nipponese adult females got their equal rights amendment long before a conjunct attempt was made to obtain one in America. Compulsory instruction was extened to nine old ages, attempts were made to do instruction more a traning in believing than in rote memory, and the school sys tem above the six simple classs was revised to conform to the American form. This last mechanical alteration produced great confusion and dissatisfaction but became so entrenched that it could non be re vised even after the Americans departed. Japan # 8217 ; s agribusiness was the quickest of national activities to retrieve because of land reform. The Australians came up with the best program. It was footing was this: There were to be no absentee landlards. A individual who really worked the land could have up to 7.5 arcers. Anyone life in a small town near by could maintain 2.5 estates. Larger secret plans of land, transcending these bounds, were bought up by the authorities and sold on easy footings to former renters. Within two old ages 2 million renters became landholders. The American business instantly gained non merely a big constituency, for the new proprietors had a vested involvement in continuing the alteration, but besides a psychological impulse for other alterations they wanted to ini tiate. The American labour policy in Japan had a dual end: to promote the growing of democratic brotherhoods while maintaining them free of Communists. Union organisation was used as a balance to the power of direction. To the surprise of the American authorties, this motion took a unquestionably more extremist bend. In the despairing economic conditions of early postwar Japan, there was small room for successful bargaining over rewards, and many labour brotherhoods alternatively made a command to take over industry and o perate it in their ain behalf. Furthermore big Numberss of workers in Japan were authorities employees, such as railway workers and instructors, whose rewards were set non by direction but by the authorities. Direct political action hence seemed more meani ngful to these people than pay bargaining. The Nipponese brotherhoods called for a general work stoppage on February 1, 1947. MacArthur warned the brotherhood leading that he would non countenace a countrywide work stopp age. The work stoppage leaders yieled to MacArthur # 8217 ; s will. The rhenium after the political entreaty of extremist labour action appeared to decline. The Americans wanted to disband the great Zaibatsu trust as a agency of cut downing Japan # 8217 ; s war-making potency. There were about 15 Zaibatsu households such as # 8211 ; Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Yasuda, and Sumitomo. The Zaibatsu controled the industry of Japan. MacArthur # 8217 ; s liaison work forces pressured the Diet into go throughing the Deconcentration Law in December 1947. In the eyes of most Nipponese this jurisprudence was designed to stultify Nipponese concern and I ndustry everlastingly. The first measure in interrupting up the Zaibatsu was to distribute their ownership out among the people and to forestall the old proprietors from of all time once more exerting control. The stocks of all the cardinal keeping companies were to be sold to the populace. Friends of the old Zaibatsu bought the stock. In the long tally the Zaibatsu were non precisely destroyed, but a few were weakened and others underwent a considerable shuffling. The initial period of the business from 1945 to 1948 was marked by reform, the 2nd stage was one of stabilisation. Greater attending was given to betterment of the economic system. Japan was a heavy disbursal to the United States. The ordered dissolution of the Zaibatsu was slowed down. The brotherhood motion continued to turn, to the ult imate benefit of the worker. Ceaseless force per unit area on employers brought swelling rewards, which meant the steady enlargement of Japan domestic consumer market. This market was a major ground for Japan # 8217 ; s subsequent economic roar. Another roar to the economic system was the Korean War which proved to be a approval in camouflage. Japan became the chief staging country for military action in Korea and went on a war roar economic system with out holding to contend in or pay for a war. The pact of peace with Japan was signed at San Francisco in September 1951 by Japan, the United States, and forty-seven other states. The Soviet Union refused to subscribe it. The pact went into consequence in April 1952, officially ending the United States military business and reconstructing full independency. What is extraordinary in the Occupation and its wake was the insignificance of the unpleasant. For the Japanese, the aristocracy of American ideals and the indispensable benignancy of the American presence assuaged much of the resentment and torment of licking. For the Americans, the joys of advancing peace and democracy triumphed over the attendant fustrations and grudges. Consequently, the Occupation served to put down a significant capital of good will on which both America and Jap an would pull in the old ages in front. Bibliography Christopher, Robert C. The Nipponese Mind. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1983 La Cerda, John. The Conqueror Comes to Tea. New Brunswick: Roentgen utgers University Press, 1946 Manchester, William. American Caesar. New York: Dell Publishing Company, Inc. , 1978 Perry, John Curtis. Beneath the Eagle # 8217 ; s Wings. New York: Dodd, Mead And Company, 1980 Reischauer, Edwin O. The Japanese. London: Belknap Press, 1977 Seth, Ronald. Milestones in Nipponese History. Philadelphia: Chilton Book Company, 1969 Sheldon, Walt. The Honest Conquerors. New York: The Macmillan Company. , 1965

Sunday, March 8, 2020

The History of the Valentines Day Origins

The History of the Valentines Day Origins St Valentines Day has roots in several different legends that have found their way to us through the ages. One of the earliest popular symbols of Valentines day is Cupid, the Roman god of love, who is represented by the image of a young boy with bow and arrow. Several theories surround the history of Valentines Day. Was There a Real Valentine? Three hundred years after the death of Jesus Christ, the Roman emperors still demanded that everyone believe in the Roman gods. Valentine, a Christian priest, had been thrown in prison for his teachings. On February 14, Valentine was beheaded, not only because he was a Christian, but also because he had performed a miracle. He supposedly cured the jailers daughter of her blindness. The night before he was executed, he wrote the jailers daughter a farewell letter, signing it From Your Valentine. Another legend tells us that this same Valentine, well-loved by all, received notes to his jail cell from children and friends who missed him. Bishop Valentine? Another Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time, AD 200. He was imprisoned because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of the Roman emperor. Some legends say he was burned at the stake. Feast of Lupercalia The ancient Romans celebrated the feast of Lupercalia, a spring festival, on the 15th of February, held in honor of a goddess. Young men randomly chose the name of a young girl to escort to the festivities. With the introduction of Christianity, the holiday moved to the 14th of February. The Christians had come to celebrate February 14 as the saint day that celebrated the several early Christian martyrs named Valentine. Choosing a Sweetheart on Valentines Day The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this date spread through Europe in the Middle Ages, and then to the early American colonies. Throughout the ages, people also believed that birds picked their mates on February 14! In A.D. 496, Saint Pope Gelasius I declared February 14 as Valentines Day. Although its not an official holiday, most Americans observe this day. Whatever the odd mixture of origins, St. Valentines Day is now a day for sweethearts. It is the day that you show your friend or loved one that you care. You can send candy to someone you think is special and share a special song with them. Or you can send roses, the flower of love. Â  Most people send valentine a greeting card named after the notes that St. Valentine received in jail. Greeting Cards Probably the first greeting cards, handmade valentines, appeared in the 16th century. As early as 1800, companies began mass-producing cards. Initially, these cards were hand-colored by factory workers. By the early 20th century even fancy lace and ribbon strewn cards were created by machine.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Building Trust in Virtual Teams - Leadership Role Research Paper

Building Trust in Virtual Teams - Leadership Role - Research Paper Example   A leader should be someone who is willing to serve than to be served, has a strong will to be able to bring a group together despite probably different interests and opinions, and perhaps someone who has enough knowledge to instruct his fellow team members. However, when you come to think of it before all these are actually even possible, there is one thing that needs to be achieved which is no other than trust. Trust is indeed the foundation of real teamwork and is something that will enable a leader to be able to lead a group effectively to a specific goal (Hung, Yu-Ting Caisy, Alan R. Dennis, and Lionel Robert). We all know that every follower has their own set of interests that would not easily be influenced by a leader they do not trust. Thus, if you want to be a leader who does not influence one’s followers, one key to this is to not win their trust. Why? Well, this is because of the fact that the only thing that would make people listen to what you, as a leader would have to say, let alone you are a total stranger to them, is because of the fact that they see something good about you or clean in your intentions that would be beneficial for the whole group. That is why, to be able to start winning the trust of people or your team is to avoid focusing on putting words in their mouths or manipulating them over your highfaluting goals and start with what you, as a leader has to say about moral duty or commitment you are willing to give to the team (Hung, Yu-Ting Caisy, Alan R. Dennis, and Lionel Robert). Once this has been established, a leader now gains that voice to reflect the goal s and at the same time for that voice to actually be heard. However, it is important to know that it does not end in laying out the big picture of the do’s and don’ts to your team to be able to achieve a certain goal. In a way, understanding human nature, where self-interest can never be set apart, should be considered aside from the social considerations of any goal set for a team.  Ã‚